Hearing loss occurs in varying degrees of impairment. Some people who have damage in their organs for hearing are completely unable to perceive sound. Others only suffer from mild to moderate difficulty. Adults and children with this kind of disability have to adapt in a world that uses sound in everyday life. They have to work with various medical specialists in order to reduce the impact of disability in their lives.
Considerations for disability at a young age
The needs of persons with hearing disability depend largely on the age of onset. In children who are born with congenital disorders involving the organs of hearing, or the areas of the brain that process sound perception, speech, and language, the functional disability can be profound, particularly in communication. Any prelingual loss of hearing requires early intervention, specifically speech and language therapy services in order for the child to be able to express his or her needs and interact with others.
Degree of disability
Degrees of functional disability range from a profound loss of mild impairment. A hearing-impaired individual who is deaf may need to learn sign language in order to communicate. Profound deafness typically involves permanent disability. For those whose deviation from the normal hearing is moderate, the problem may be in the transmission of sound waves or due to damage in the inner ear. Many people have residual hearing and can communicate with speech.
If you know someone with a hearing impairment, recommend them to a reputable hearing test center like Columbia Basin Hearing Center for assessment and management.
Cochlear implants and auditory brainstem implants are cutting-edge solutions to hearing problems. But, these are not accessible to most people. Hearing aids, on the other hand, are affordable and offer individuals with hearing impairment a means to listen and be heard. While these electronic devices can amplify the sound and allow the wearer to hear better, they still need to undergo speech therapy and audiology sessions in order to maximize the benefits of the device.
There are many available solutions to hearing impairment. With thorough research and with the help of professionals, any serious hearing problem can be diagnosed early.