Swollen gums could have many underlying causes that may be difficult to pinpoint. If the gums feel sore and tender, there may be several reasons behind it. While it is always a good idea to get a good feel of your symptoms, you should never attempt to diagnose them yourself.
Acedental.co.uk suggests that you visit a dentist regularly for cleaning and maintenance. A medical professional is the right person to help you determine the cause of your swollen gums.
Here are some of the more common causes of gum swelling:
Periodontitis is by far one of the most common causes of swollen gums. It is initiated by excessive plaque build-up, causing the gum tissue to become inflamed. The plaque forms pockets between the gums and the teeth, separating the soft tissue from the tooth. If left unchecked, periodontitis eventually leads to gum recession and tooth loss.
Nutrition is a crucial factor in maintaining gum health. Eating a poor diet could lead to malnutrition, which includes symptoms like having a pallid skin and swollen gums. Malnutrition also increases the risk of tooth decay.
Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy often leads to gum swelling. This is due to an ailment known as pregnancy gingivitis. Hormonal changes make the gums more susceptible to plaque build-up, which increases the chances of the onset of gum disease.
In children who are about to cut their first tooth, teething is a common cause for swollen gums. Young adults whose third molars are about to erupt will also experience some form of swelling as the new tooth pushes out of the oral cavity.
While these are just some of the most common causes, there are many others that display similar symptoms. If you ever experience uncomfortable swelling or pain in the gums, visit your dentist first for a professional diagnosis.